History of the Early American
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The introduction to the names of the type
of horseless carriages and the beginning of the industry.
The types of power from steam to spring;
European automobile companies manufacturing in the United States, and unconvential
Automobiles that began production from
1893-1898. This includeds Duryea, Automobile Company of America and Gasmobile, Hampden,
Stevens-Duryea , Haynes-Apperson, Apperson, Haynes, Woods, Whitney, Winton, and the
Electric Vehicle models that were Columbia and Riker. The Selden Patent is fully
This is a new page that has a large
number of automobiles that were made prior to1900 which saw very little or no production.
This chapter includes witth Baker Electric,
American Electric, Stanley, Locomobile, Mobile Steamer, Knox, Grout, Packard,, Stearns,
Rambler, Eclipse, Cameron, Waltham, Metz, Doble, and American Steamer.
The year 1900 was a new century that held
great promises for the industry, but no one at that time could have dreamed that it would
become the backbone of a great nation. E. J. Pennington, the greatest flim-flam
artist of the period. The cars that are shown here include Stearns Steamer, Tractmobile,
Henry Ford 1896-1902., Century, Holyoke, McKay, Steamobile, Reading, Meteor, Canda,
Foster, Buffalo Electric, Pittsburgh and Autocar, National , Pope-Robinson, Pope-Waverly,
Pope-Toledo, Pope-Waverly, Pope-Hartford, and Pope-Tribune
Two humorous accounts of accidents are
recorded. The cars shown here are the Loomis, Peerless, Pierce and Pierce-Arrow, and
all of the companies that made cars in St. Louis.
This chapter has the Marlboro, Wheeler,
Franklin, Thomas, White, and Buffum automobiles.
Chapter 8, describes what was hapenning
in 1901 and 1902 ithe industry wih most histories of many of the cars that were made that
year. Most imprtant subject that is the demise of the lead Taxi Cab Company.
Up until 1903, the American automobile was
pooh-poohed by our overseas contemporaries as being "goofers". This chapter
brings the industry to the forefront with its automobiles, races, and tourism. America was
truely on the move.
1904 Automobiles and advertisements are featured in
this chapter. They are: Flint, Marr,, Whiting, Loraine, Buick, Michigan, Logan, Marion,
Marble-Swift, Beverly, Compound, Dawson, Wolverine, Buckmobile, Premier, Bates, Dolson,
Royal Electric, Imperial, Santos Dumont, Niagra, Taunton, Mercury, Geneva, Otto Car,
Hasse, and Seabury.
The Lambert Automobile Company is the first one
featured here, then comes an extensive review of the Ford Company. After that, the
featured cars are the Cadillac, Studebaker, and Auburn
The Overland is the main feature of this chapter
with all of its models shown. Then comes Stephens, Parry, Jewell, Croxton-Keeton, Ohio,
Royal Tourist, Hoffman, Berg, Car De Luxe, Yale, Pathfinder, Northern, King, and Briscoe
Shown in this chapter are the models that
began manufacturing in 1906 including Kissel Car Company and their 1905-06 Badger models
and the Farmers Wagon built by International-Harvest Company. Other Automobiles
include Monarch, Aurora, Williams, Dorchester, Smith, La Petite, Paragon, Marvel, Banker
Juvenile, Carey, Colburn, Windsor, Zentmobile, Single Center, Bliss, Merkel, Deere,
Midland, Reliable Dayton, Eagle, Culver, Postal, and Elite Junior.
The cars of 1907 include Bailey Electric with
pictures of every car that they made including the only picture known and first shown of
the 1907 model. Others are Ranger, Diamond T, Duer, Autocycle, Klink, Holmes,
Kermath, Hewitt, Pratt Six Wheeler, Cornish-Friedberg, Albany, Servitor, Hatfield,
Gearless, Anderson, Bailey Gasoline, Pensylvania, Silent Knight, Harper, Jenkins,
Maryland, Okey, Euclid, and Triumph
The troubles of 1907 followed the industry into the
spring of 1908. The high wheel cars were at its peak. This chapter deals with these
times and the cars that were introduced that year. Continental, Griswold, Menges,
Hay-Berg, Payne Modern, U.S. Motor, Blomstrom, Pickard, Sterling, Meteor, Benner Six, H.B.
Motor Buggy, Eureka, Cole, Middleby, Sharp-Arrow, Eagle, Hobbie, Peets, De Schaum, Snyder,
Dixie, Star, Bugmobile, Mier, Chief, Hennegin, Lenox Electric, Webb-Jay, and Lindsley.
Was R.C. Rupp the largest scammer in the automobile
industry? This chapter has all the automobile companies that he built. Others include:
White Star, Carhartt, Lexington, Detroit Electric, Chicago Electric, Pullman, Kline Kar,
Owen Magnetic, Krit, Columbus, and Mason.
By 1910, most high wheel models had begun to closed
down for they had lost favor with the public. However, a few models were still being made
with a regular automobile body and a few companies had startups. These were Morse,
Sibley, Spaulding, Wilcox, Meteor, Rockwell, Cino, Abbott-Detroit, Cutting, Brenner,
Anhut, Wisco, Starr, Great Eagle, Decauter, Koehler, Detroit-Dearborn, Badger, and Only.
Also, 1910 was a year for lawsuits between E. M. F. and Studebaker and also the
Seldenites and Independants were challenging each other that was to determine the
future of the automobile industry. A. L. A. M's patent rights was upheld by a
court's ruling. However the biggest news was the breakup of General Motors and their
models.: Their well known companies have already been discussed. However these have
not: Carter Car, Oakland, Welch, Elmore, Ranier, Geneva Ewing, Rapid and Reliance truck
Featured here are the automobiles that were
incorporated into the United States Motor Car Company and the breakup in 1912. They
were: Maxwell, Columbia, Brush, Titan, Alden Sampson, Stoddard-Dayton, Thomas, and
Flanders. Also features are Kelsey, Chalmers-Detroit, Jewett, Chalmers, Page-Detroit
The history of the Reo leads off the chapter with
some pictures not published before followed by Fritchle Electric, Brownie Kar, Mora,
Hudson and Essex, Chevrolet, Nash, Atlas, Pierce-Racine, Case, and Mitchell.
This chapter includes Berkshire, Matheson, K-D
Touring (The only automobile that was ever made by two women), Palmer-Singer,
Halladay, Roamer, Kenworthy, Martin-Wasp, American Underslung, De Tamble, Alco, Harrison,
Lenox, Herreshoff, Interstate, Marathon, Herrf-Brooks, Partin-Palmer, and Speedwell.
1913 was the year for inventions of the automobile
industry. It was also the year for the reappearance of the cyclecars with over 80
factories making them. This chapter contains a large number of them, and some of the
"Light Cars" that followed.
A photograph of the first 1914 Dodge an the Dodge
history begins this page. This photograph does not appear in any automobile trade papers
or any web site. It was found in an article written in a family magazine in 1914. The
startups of the companies in 1914 are shown with a short history of each one. They are:
Dodge, Allen, Benham, Doble, Herff-Brooks, Saxon, Chandler, Rex, Wahl, Pilgrim,
Monroe, Fischer, Milburn, Hall, Cartermobile, Inter-State, Vulcan, F. R. P., Porter, Argo,
Scrips-Booth, Saginaw, Elbert, Morse, Robie, Lincoln Highway, and Cornelian.
This chapter covers the industry's history in 1915
and shows nearly all of the cars that began in this year. 1915 was one of the best years
that the industry ever had up to that point. It was truly a boom year. Ross, Remington,
Sphinx, Jones, Bailey-Knapp, Stewart, Dudly Electric, Hollier, Schebler, Monitor, Dort,
Hecules, Mecca, Thomas, HAL, Moore, Fostoria, Madison, Bidle, New Era, Harvard, and Peter
This chapter has the industry with the history,
photographs, and advertisements of the cars that started production in 1916. They were
HAL, Laurel, Sun, Gadabout, Roamer, Dixie Flyer, Columbia, Anderson, Bour-Davis,
Ross, Liberty, Brown, Allard, Elcar, Hackett, Yale, Kent, Majestic, Daniels, Maihbom,
Stephens, Jordan, Patterson Greenfield, and Bell.
1917 started out with a bang and the industry was
estatsic, but before summer had arrived, it was in turmoil for the manufacturers realized
that they had to put the automobiles aside and start preparing for the on coming war.
However, a few companies introduced their modrls. They were Fageol, Harroun, Hassler, Pan
American, Moore-Car, Comonwealth, Darling, Olympian, Templar, and Deering-Magnetic.
In 1918, the country came first. Every manufacturer
was determined to do their very best and it was patriotism over profits. Building of cars
continued on a limited degree, but with no changes in styles. Very few models came on the
market during this yeaa and listed are the Comet, Tulsa, and Revere,
The first six months of 1919 was retooling time from
war materials to automobile production. There were very few changes, if any, from the
previous two years. In spite of all of this, automobile shows were planned in all sections
of the country and met with great success. Cars introduce were Hatfield, Pan, Midget,
Noma, Spacke, Highlander, Dupont, Climber, and Huffman.
This Chapter deals with the many problems of the
industry in 1920 showing the cars that were introduced during that year. By the end of the
year, the industry began to go down hill because of labor disputes that cause serious slow
downs. Cars that began were Dusenberg, Argonne, H. C. S., Ferris, and Amco
1921 was considered by the manufacturers of that
year was the worst one in the history of the automotive industry
From 1922, except for a few bumps, the industry
settled down and had a period of growth until 1929, when another recession set in a the
Great Depression when a great number of companies stopped production. Also during this
time consolidation of companies into corporations were taking place that would shape its
future until the present day. Durant Motors withsix makes came and went, Rickenbacker was
born and died. Chrysler Corporation was created and became a contender with General Motors
and Ford and Fisher became the largest body maker that it is today. Listed are a few
independent companies that went into production: Bay State, Gray, Standish, Luxor,
Stewart-Coats, American Rolls-Royce, Birmingham, Barley, and Courier.
Several juvenile and small cars make up this
There were 30 companies building bodies in Amesbury
from 1894-1932. Each one is listed with images of automobiles that they worked for. Eight
companies made automobiles and some of their cars are shown. There were 40 satellite
companies making parts for automobiles.
Massachusets was one of the most productive states
in automobile manufacturing with over 180 known to have done so. This chapter contains 165
of them with images of their cars, advertisements, and pertinent information.
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